Meaning “Town of the Sultans”, Soltanieh was briefly the capital of Persia’s Ilkhanid dynasty
(a branch of the Mongol dynasty) during the 14th century. It is situated in Zanjan
province, northwest Iran.
The Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts Department of Zanjan seeks to improve the historic texture of Soltanieh and the cohesion of its urban buildings, provincial tourism chief Amir Arjmand said on Sunday.
The study examines various aspects such as landscape architecture, criteria of urban furniture, streets and thoroughfares, beautification, murals, creation of tourist spaces, the official said.
The UNESCO-registered Dome of Soltanieh
, (“Soltanieh Cupola”) is the highlight of the city’s tourist attractions.
The very large dome is the earliest extant example of its type and became an important reference for the later development of the Islamic dome
. Similarly, the extremely rich interior of the mausoleum
, which includes glazed tiles, brickwork, marquetry, or designs in inlaid materials, stucco, and frescoes, illustrates an important movement towards more elaborate materials and themes.
The 14th-century structure, which is also famed as the Mausoleum of Oljaytu, is highly recognized as an architectural masterpiece particularly due to its innovative double-shelled dome and elaborate interior decoration. The very imposing dome stands about 50 meters tall from its base.
Its interior has long been under renovation, chockfull of scaffolding poles. However, its decoration is such impressive that scholars including A.U. Pope described it as ‘anticipating the Taj Mahal’. It is the earliest existing example of the double-shelled dome in Iran
According to UNESCO, the Mausoleum of Oljaytu is an essential link and key monument in the development of Islamic architecture in central and western Asia. Here, the Ilkhanids further developed ideas that had been advanced during the classical Seljuk
phase (11th to early 13th centuries), during which the arts of Iran gained distinction in the Islamic world, thereby setting the stage for the Timurid period
(late 14th to 15th centuries), one of the most brilliant periods in Islamic art.
UNESCO says, “Excavations carried out in the 790-ha Mausoleum of Oljaytu property have revealed additional vestiges of the old city, and a large part of this property has retained its archaeological character. As the ancient capital of the Ilkhanid dynasty, Soltanieh
represents an exceptional testimony to the history of the 13th and 14th centuries in Iran.”
A great-grandson of Hulegu, founder of the IlKhanid dynasty, Oljaytu was a Mongol ruler who, after dabbling in various religions, adopted the Shia name Mohammed Khodabandeh