Ray (Rey) City

Shah Abdol-Azim Shrine - Shahr-e-Rey
Ray is one of the oldest cities of Iran. About 300 BC, one of the successors of Alexander (Solukus) named Ray as "Oriyoos". Thereafter the Parthians named the same "Arsakia" and "Arshakiyeh". During the reign of the Sassanids ‘Ray’ found its current name.In the Islamic era this city was the ruling center of ‘Bani Omayeh’ clan and during the Mongol and Teimoorian conquests claimed to be an area of invasion for several times. Ancient relics of this city which are mentioned in this text indicate the historical antiquity of Ray.

Ray is richer than many other ancient cities in the number of its historical monuments, among which one might refer to the 3000-year-old Gebri castle, the 5000-year-old Cheshmeh Ali hill, the 1000-year-old Bibi Shahr Banoo tomb and Shah Abbasi caravanserai. It has been home to pillars of science like Rhazes.

Rey was one of the capital cities of the Seljuq Empire in the 11th century. In the 13th century after the Mongol conquest the town was severely damaged and it gradually lost its importance in the presence of nearby Tehran.

There is also a shrine there, dedicated to commemorate Princess Shahr Banu, eldest daughter of the last ruler of the Sassanid Empire. She gave birth to Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin, the fourth holy Imam of the Shia faith. This was through her marriage to Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad, the prophet of Islam. A nearby mountain is also named after her. However, some sources attribute the shrine to the goddess of water and fertility, Anahita, claiming it was renamed in Islamic times to protect it from any possible harm after the conversion of Iranians to Islam.

In the middle of the 19th century, Ray was described as a place of ruins, the only settlement being around the shrine of Abdol Azim. Being the only important pilgrimage site in vicinity to the royal court in the new capital Tehran brought more people to visit the shrine and a major restoration was sponsored by the court. Thus Ray was the first place in Iran to be connected to the capital by a railroad in 1888.
Shah Abdol-Azim Shrine - Shahr-e-Rey
Tughrul Tower in Shahr-e-Rey
Bahram Fire temple in Shahr-e-Rey
Javanmard Tomb in Shahr-e-Rey
Ibn Babawayh Cemetery in Shahr-e-Rey
Shah Abdol-Azim Shrine - Shahr-e-Rey
Cheshmeh ali: Fathalishah Relief - Shahr-e-Rey
Tughrul Tower in Shahr-e-Rey
More Photos
Category: Towers
The remenant of this eight panelled tower has remained on the top of the Naqareh Khaneh Mountain of Ray City. The Tower is the resting place and tomb of one of the monarchs ... MORE
Other castles and towers are named as follows: Central castle and ramparts of the Saljuqians in Ray, prison of Haroon at the distance of 10 km in Tehran - Khorassan Road ... MORE
Category: Springs
The civilization of this area dates back to the 4 millennium BC. This spring is in north of Ebne Babvaih and to the west of cement factory of Ray. Overlooking the said spring ... MORE
Category: Shrines
Hazrat Abdol Azim embraces one of the important and largest places of pilgrimage for Shiite sect round the globe. This religious site is located in Ray. Hazrat Abdol Azim ... MORE
Category: Towers
The tower is in the vicinity of Ray and probably it is the resting abode of Toqrol I of the Saljuqi Dynasty. This tower is in the form of panels and is 20 m. in height. In ... MORE
Category: Ancient Cities
The ancient relics in the surrounding area of current Ray are remnants from the pre and post Islamic era. As an example we may point out the Tabrak Castle (Chechmeh Ali), ... MORE
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