Lavasan is a gorgeous little town in Tehran Province located over the eastern mountains from the Iranian capital. With an area of 70 square kilometres, Lavasan is packed with beautiful mountain views, scenic country roads, clean air and jaw-dropping luxurious houses.
The locality is home to many wealthy families, who prefer more of a quiet and mellow lifestyle to that of Tehran. Some Iranians even call Lavasan the Beverly Hills or Switzerland of Tehran. Many of the original families of the rustic town are experts in horticulture and take pride in their gardens and fruitful orchards.
The name of Lavasan is a Middle Persian (Pahlavi) word which means "The Mount Blade of Sunrise" or "Mountaintop of Sunrise". It refers to Mount Damavand that is located in the middle Alborz Range in the east of Lavasanat District.
The city is composed of Lavasan-e-Bozorg (Big Lavasan) and Lavasan-Kochak (Small Lavasan). In the two districts, you will come across the Lar National Park, the protected area of Varjin, the villages of Afjeh, Niknam Deh, Barg-e-Jahan, Kond-e-Olya and the famous Latyan Dam.
The Latyan Dam is located at the south of Lavasan, and it sits on the Jajrood River with an area of around 70,000 square kilometres. The concrete structure was built to provide additional drinking water for the city of Tehran and also to hose down 30 thousand hectares of agricultural land.