The old city of Damavand is located to the east of Tehran (in Tehran Province). When Ray flourished, Damavand also prospered. But unfortunately due its proximity to the Mount Damavand, earthquakes subjected a heavy damage to this city. During the era of the Ottoman Caliphate, this city came under the invasion of the Muslims. The most important relics of this city belong to Saljuqian era.
The name Damavand appears in Sassanid texts (as Dunbawand), and Parthian remains have been found there. The city fell to Arab Muslim invaders in 651 CE. It is close to Iran's tallest peak Mount Damavand, which Ferdowsi mentions abundantly in the Shahnameh. The city has relatively cool weather year-round.
Damavand contains 37 historical tombs (Imamzadeh), 27 castle ruins, 23 traditional houses of architectural significance, 18 traditional bath houses, 6 caves, 5 historical bridges, 3 historical mosques, and 3 caravanserais. The main landmarks are the Friday Mosque (15th century) and the Sheikh Shebli Mausoleum and Tower, dating to the Seljuq era.