Urmia City

Urmia (Orumieh) - Azerbaijan - IRAN
The township of Orumieh (Urmiah) lies between the western banks of the Lake Orumieh and the country of Turkey. The capital of which is the city of Orumieh. This city is located 951 km from Tehran and 13 km. west of Lake Orumieh on a green plain. Situated at an altitude, this territory is thereby separated from Turkey. Orumieh has cold winters and moderate summers. The area bears ancient relics some of which date back to 2000 BC. Urmia is the 10th most populated city in Iran.

A few historians believe that Orumieh is the birthplace of the prophet Zoroaster. Ancient geographers believe it to be the third most important city of Azarbayjan, ranking after the cities of Ardabil and Maraqeh. Ancient relics are present here, but due to historical upheavals some of these valuable evidences have been completely destroyed.

According to Russion Historian Vladimir Fedorovich Minorsky, there were villages in the Urmia Plain as early as 2000 BC, with their civilization under the influence of the Kingdom of Van. Excavations of the ancient ruins near Urmia led to the discovery of utensils that date to the 20th century BC. In ancient times, the west bank of Urmia Lake was called Gilzan, and in the 9th century BC an independent government ruled there, which later joined the Urartu or Mana empire; in the 8th century BC, the area was a vassal of the Asuzh government until it joined the Median Empire.

During the Safavid era, the neighboring Ottoman Turks, who were the archrivals of the Safavids, made several incursions into the city and captured it on more than one occasion, but the Safavids successfully regained control over the area. When in 1622, during the reign of Safavid king Abbas I (r. 1588–1629) Qasem Sultan Afshar was appointed governor of Mosul, he was forced to leave his office shortly afterwards due to the outbreak of a plague. He moved to the western part of Azerbaijan, and became the founder of the Afshar community of Urmia. The city was the capital of the Urmia Khanate from 1747–1865. The first monarch of Iran's Qajar dynasty, Agha Muhammad Khan, was crowned in Urmia in 1795.

Urmia's climate is cold semi-arid with cold winters, mild springs, hot dry summers, and warm autumns. Precipitation is heavily concentrated in late autumn, winter (mostly in the form of snow), and especially spring, while precipitation is scarce in summer.
Temperatures in Urmia are much colder than most of the remainder of Iran because of the elevation. Although dry for being a traditional continental climate, it has cold enough winters to qualify as general continental.
Urmia (Orumieh) - Azerbaijan - IRAN
Urmia (Orumieh) - Azerbaijan - IRAN
Urmia (Orumieh) - Azerbaijan - IRAN
Urmia Historical Bazaar - Azerbaijan - IRAN
Urmia Historical Bazaar - Azerbaijan - IRAN
Gullarbaghi Park (Daneshjoo) - Urmia
Segonbad (Three Domes) - Urmia (Orumieh)
Hasanloo Hill - Urmia (Orumieh)
Segonbad (Three Domes) - Urmia (Orumieh)
Gullarbaghi Park (Daneshjoo) - Urmia
Urmia (Orumieh) - Azerbaijan - IRAN
More Photos
The province of West Azarbayjan has the largest lake of Iran in its territory, known as Lake Orumieh. This lake is at an altitude of 1,267 m. from the sea level, ...
Urmia ancient bazaar has an old and new texture present in the southeast corner of the city. The major construction is of brick work. Inspite of diversity of architecture ...
This historical structure is to the southeast of Orumieh and the date 580 AH. can be noted on three inscriptions in the Kufic script placed on the entrance door. ...
Kaboodan Island (Qoyundağı adası or Quyun Daqi Island) is the largest islands of the lake Orumieh (Urmia Lake), located to the east of which and covering an area ...
St. Mary Church (Also known as Naneh Maryam Church) is an ancient Assyrian church located in the city of Urmia (Orumieh). It is considered by some historians to ...
Maar-Sargiz Historical Church (Marserkis, Marsarkis Church, Sir Church) is located on the hillside of Ser/Sir Mountain (12 km West of the city of Orumiyeh / Urmia) ...
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