The city of Torbat-e Haydarieh is located on the mountain slopes and has variable weather in various parts. This city is 1005 km. from Tehran. In the ancient times this city was called ‘Zaveh’, and according to a narrator in the 7th century AH, Sheikh Haydar a famous Gnostic resided there. Thereby the changes of name from Zaveh to Torbat-e-Heydarieh being related to the lie and resting place (tomb) of this great man. Cultural and historical evidences in this area relate to the Sassanian era 7th century AH.
The name Torbat in Persian means Burial place, thus the name of the city means Burial Place of Heydar named after Qotboddin Heydar a Sufi mystic whose tomb lies in the heart of the city. It has the first rank in the world for producing Saffron or Zafaran in Persian.