City Shahr-e-Kord is located to the northeast of this province, Shahr-e-Kord being its capital city and situated 543 km from Tehran. Shahr-e-Kord is in the midst of a plain surrounded by mountains. In the 7th Century AH Shahr-e-Kord and its outskirts came under the rule of the Atabakan-e-Fars and Lurestan.
It was in this area that a sentry post was set up to control both passenger traffic and see to their need. The Kords formed the guard of this post, thereby this vicinity was known as Dehkord. After many decades due to its expansion Dehkord was named Shahr-e-Kord and is reputed for its fine weather and natural beauty.
The ancient name of Shahrekord has been heard since Zandiyeh era; however, according to the findings of archeologists, and specifically with regard to the ancient hills around the city dating back to millenniums B.C., the city is estimated to be as old as the abovementioned hills suggesting the dawn of civilization and man’s inhabitation. It is worth mentioning that historical texts have alluded to a place called Chaleshtar in Shahrekord as the governmental capital whose castle debris has still remained. According to the available cultural documents, Imam Sadegh Mosque (known as Atabakan Mosque) was built during the domination of Atabakan of Fars. It was located in the center of the historic neighborhood of the city along with the two holy shrines of Halimeh and Hakimeh Khatoon, the historic neighborhood of the fire temple in Shahrekord, the mill, the oil extraction factory, and the traditional bazaar which have helped this neighborhood become more prominent since then. Thanks to its special roadway location, Shahrekord was used as a police station by Atabakans of Fars and Lorestan.
Currently, people living in Shahr-e Kord are of three major backgrounds: Bakhtiari, Qashqai and indigenous Persian speakers of Shahr-e Kord; however, the people of Shahr-e Kord speak Persian as a lingua franca.
Shahr-e Kord is assumed to be first developed by nomadic farmers because it encompasses vast meadows and several springs. Deh Kord was gradually founded by the immigrants from Isfahan, its suburbs, and the villages around Shahr-e Kord, most of whom started to run businesses such as agriculture, horticulture, hat making, felt making, oil and wool trading, and other industries.
Shahrekord enjoys a semi-moist and moderate climate with moderate summers and very cold winters. The annual average temperature in Shahrekord is 5.11°C. The minimum and maximum absolute temperatures recorded in Shahrekord during the last 30 years have been -32°C and -42°C, respectively. The coldest and the hottest months are December and July, respectively. Although the humidity level is moderate or high in winter, the amount of rainfall is close to zero in planting seasons, except for April and May.