Sarakhs is situated in the far northeastern part of Khorassan province. Being under the influence of the Qaraqom Sandy region it experiences cold winters and dry-warm summers. Its ancient history dates back to the Sassanian period. During the Mongol attack in the year 617 AH, Sarakhs was plundered and destroyed. Nearing the end of the Qajar period, Sarakhs was governed by a feudal system.
It was also attacked by the Turkemens. This city in the past housed many libraries and was on the path of the Silk Road.