The city of Sabzevar (Formerly called Beyhaq), located 250 kilometers west of the provincial capital of Mashhad, was once part of the Parthian Empire. the city was ruined and reconstructed many times throughout history until the Safavid era when it flourished.
Sabzevar (previously known as Beyhagh) comprises of two sections - one part in the plains which experiences a warm climate and the other in the mountainous regions which enjoys a temperate climate. This city is located 654 km. from Tehran. In the Islamic era this region was known as the "Bayhaq" state, which had two cities called Sabzevar and Khosrowgerd. This city was completely destroyed during the Mongol rampage. In the year 737 AH Sabzevar gave refuge to the Sarbedaran movement, won a name of ‘Darolmomenin’ and became the capital city.
During the attack of the Ozbeks, this city was destroyed, but once again regained development during the Safavid era. In the last decade Sabzevar has flourished considerably.
One of the oldest monuments in central Sabzevar is the 9th-century Pamenar Mosque which was constructed during Taherid Dynasty -- the first Iranian rule after the advent of Islam in the country.
The mosque stands next to a 15-meter tall swinging minaret adorned with Kufic inscriptions and stunning brickwork. The minaret is over 900 years old and is attached to an iwan. Azure tiles bearing white Qur'anic verses adorn the Pamenar Mosque which includes a nine-arched sanctuary with three semi-arches.
Another eye-catching structure in Sabzevar is the Friday Mosque which dates back to the 13th and 14th centuries.
The mosque has two prayer niches (mihrabs), the first of which was built for Sunni Muslims and the second, constructed inside the first, was designed for Shias. A Nast'aliq stone inscription has been placed above the entrance, which bears a decree from the Safavid king Tahmasb I. Two more inscriptions can be seen on the eastern walls bearing orders from Tahmasb II and the Qajar king Nasser al-din Shah.
The mosque has two minarets, two iwans and two sanctuaries. Its façade is covered with multi-colored tiles covered with floral patterns and Qur'anic script.
The 6th-century Yahya Mausoleum, built during the Ilkhanid era, has been renovated a number of times. The monument was decorated with green, azure, white and golden tiles, bearing Qur'anic script in the 14th-century.
The building has two entrances and two minarets, which were later added to the original structure along with an iwan, transenna and a dome covered with colorful tiles forming the words Allah, Ali and Mohammad.
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