Roodbar is situated in the mountainous region of Gilan province, 268 km. from Tehran (67 km south of Rasht) and with a variable climate. It is located on the fringes of a valley through which the Sefid Rood river flows. The civilization of Roodbar and its surroundings date back to 2000 years BC. On the advent of Islam, tribes from Damascus and Halab immigrated and became settlers there. Later on in the times of Nader Shah Afshar, groups from the Kurds of Quchan and areas of northern Khorassan also settled there. Roodbar can be considered as a gateway to the Gilan province from central Iran. The earthquake of 1990 demolished this beautiful city and despite its reconstruction, has not gained its former glory.
This city is covered with olive trees and mineral water springs. The most important product of this city is olives, which is used for the production of other items such as olive oil and soaps. The presence of Marlik historical hills in the environs of this city has added to the importance and significance of this city and has attracted numerous tourists to this region from different parts of the world.
Given the particular climate of this region, farming and animal husbandry are the economic mainstays of Roudbar.
The city is one of the most ancient residential regions of Gilan province. On the eastern banks of Sefidroud River, there is a scenic valley named Gohar-Roud. This river runs across this valley. This river is one of the branches of Sefidroud. The valley is home to several small and large hills belonging to ancient and historical eras.
The City of Olive Trees
Olives have been mentioned in the Holy Quran, Bible, and Torah. This plant has been initially cultivated in the southern regions of Middle East in third millennium BC. Olive branches are a symbol of peace. In Gilan Province, Roudbaar is the only location for cultivation of olives. More than 83% of Iran's olives are produced in Roudbaar. Today, these olives are partly consumed and another part is used for production of olive oil. The visitors to this region usually buy different olive products as the souvenirs of this region.