Rasht City

Rasht (the capital city of Gilan Province) is the largest city on Iran's Caspian Sea coast with Mediterranean climate that it's history goes back to the 13th century. Rasht is also a major tourist center with the resort of Masouleh.
Rasht Municipality Square - Gilan Province
Rasht, the provincial capital is one of the important cities of this region. It is situated in the center of the province, 30 km. from the Caspian Sea. The climate of this area is humid and variable. Dominant air currents of the Caspian Sea blow westwards, and the annual precipitation is relatively high. The history of Rasht dates back to the pre-Islamic period, that is the Sassanide era. The independent governor of this region was called 'Gilanshah', before the attack of the Arabs to Iran. In the year 61 AH., after the Arab conquest in Iran, Rasht was mentioned in historical documents for the first time.

In the Safavid period, and specially in the reign of Shah Esmail, the territory of Gilan was composed of two parts of 'Biepas' with the centrality of Rasht, and 'Biehpish'with the centrality of Lahijan. In the reign of Shah Tahmasb Safavid I, the governorship of both sections was assigned to 'Khan Ahmad Gilani'. In the year 1045 AH., Stephen Razin, a Russian sailor plundered the city. The army of Peter the Great conquered the city in 1722 AD. and remained here till the year 1734 AD. This city was once again conquered by the Russians in 1917 simultaneously with the Socialistic Revolution.

In 1246 AH., due to the outbreak of plague, many people lost their lives. In 1937, a revolt broke out in the region in order to get road tax from the Russians, but the central government suppressed it. The people of Rasht played a very important role in the Constitutional Revolution. The Russian and British army as well as local rebels attacked the city of Rasht during World War I (1914-1918).

In 1920, Rasht became the arena of revolutionary activities again. When the Red Army conquered Baku in 1918, the naval forces of the White Army took asylum in the Port of Anzali, which was under control of the British army. The commander of the Red Navy persued them and conquered the port and the British retreated. This event encouraged the revolutionaries of Gilan to establish an anti-British government movement under the leadership of 'Mirza Koochak Khan Jangali'. British forces evacuated the city and went to Baqdad. Finally, the Iranian forces defeated the movement and a treaty was signed with Russia in 1339 AH. and they evacuated the city. Today, Rasht as the capital of Gilan province is the most important trade center between Caucasia, Russia and Iran and has considerable tourism facilities.
Rasht Municipality Square - Gilan Province
Rasht - Shahrdary Sq.
Bagh-e Mohtasham (Mohtasham Garden) Rasht
Rasht International Airport
Rasht Museum
Rasht Municipality Square - Gilan Province
Rasht Municipality Square - Gilan Province
More Photos
Rasht Municipality Square (Meydan-e Shahrdari-e Rasht) is one of the most beautiful squares in Iran. Historic buildings, important urban buildings, a number of ...
These bazaars are the most bustling areas of Gilan. They comprise of open and covered stalls, centers for trading merchadise and are usually located in the heart ...
Category: Museums
The Rasht Museum extends over an area of 560 sq. m. and is a double storeyed structure. These premises belonged to Mirza Hossein Khan Kasmaie, (an ally of Mirza ...
Gilan Rural Heritage Museum is accurate depiction of the lifestyles, cultures and traditions of the rural areas of Gilan Province in North of Iran. The idea of ...
Saqalaksar Lake (Saghalaksar) is situated in Saqalaksar village, in the central part of Rasht city in Gilan province of Iran, located 15 km south of Rasht city ...
Category: Mausoleums
The tomb of Mirza Kuchak Khan Jangali, reputedly known as Sardar-e-Jangal is located in the south of Rasht. This simple and at the same time beautiful monument ...
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