The township of Chaldran (Chaldoran) is to the northwest of Iran (in West Azerbaijan Province), with the city of Khoy to the south and Maku to the north. From the south, it is about 150 km. away from Turkey. In the year 920 AH., Shah Esmail Safavid and Soltan Saleem Osmani signed a treaty in the Chaldran plain. Chaldran has gold, mercury and asbestos quarries.