Bonab is situated southwest of Tabriz and the east coast of the Orumieh Lake in East Azarbaijan Province. Its capital city Bonab is approximately 113 km. from Tabriz and 13 km. from the city of Maraqeh. Bonab means 'A land in water' or near water. This city was a flourishing one before the Mongol attack, but owed its rebirth to the Safavid era. Its historical, economical and social advancement was influenced mainly by the city of Maraqeh.