Mellat Palace Museum (also known as White Place or Abyaz Palace) in Sa'dabad Complex as a locale dedicated to administrative affairs and formal receptions, served as the summer residence of the Shah and his consort, Farah and Pahlavi Dynasty. The White Palace (Abyaz) occupies a 2164 square meter plot of land and has a built area of approximately 5000 square meters on two floors and a basement.
This palace is inspired by the royal palaces of France and is the most important object inside of it is the desk of Marie Enterwant and the paintings by Behzad's master. As its name implies, the palace's facade was completely white.
Built in the 1930s, this served as the Pahlavi summer residence. It has 54-room dates from 1942–79. The building is filled with modern furnishings, the highlights of which are the immense handmade carpets.
Its construction was begun in 1931, by order of Reza Shah, and completed in 1936. The White Palace was gradually put into service some three years after the completion of its construction. Numerous artists and artisans contributed to the construction of this palace. The palace was designed by Engineer Khorsandi and its technical calculations were carried out by Leon Tatavoosian, P. Pessian and the Russian Boris.
The palace is filled with a hodge-podge of extravagant furnishings, paintings, a tiger pelt and immense made-to-measure carpets. In the upstairs Ceremony Hall is a 143-sq-metre carpet that is said to be one of the largest ever woven in Iran. The nearby Dining Hall contains a similar carpet, and it is here that the shah, convinced the palace was bugged, dragged a table into the middle of the room and insisted both he and the American general he was entertaining climb on top before they spoke.
The two bronze boots outside are all that remain of a giant statue of Reza Shah. This building has 54 units including ten large ceremonial saloons which were the official reception hall of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. The largest room in this building is 220 square meters that was used as the dining room.
In the underground there is a banquet hall used by Farah Pahlavi to display royal gifts, artefacts and contemporary art from Iran and other countries and is currently used as an exclusive art museum. Previously, there was a greenhouse in this place, where a variety of rare flowers and plants were taken care of.
Mellat Palace Museum (White Palace), Sa'dabad Complex
This palace has witnessed remarkable historical events of the period of Pahlavi according to:
the holding of the wedding party of Abolreza Pahlavi (brother of the Shah), the failed attempt to Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the meeting with a group of princes and high-level generals participating in the coup d'état of the 28 mordad (1953), the meeting with Richard Nixon, vice president of the United States of America, with the general Eisenhower (1959) on the occasion of the CENTO pact, the interview with the Prime Minister of Romania in the period of presidency of the Republic of Nicolae Ceausescu, the donation of 351 objects to Farah Diba and to Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi on the occasion of his coronation by heads of countries of the world (1967), press reviews of the Pahlavi second with the journalists on the occasion of the presentation of the ambassadors' credentials, presentation of the council of ministers, last meeting of the president of the rep of that time James Earl Carter with Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1976) etc.