The Achaemenid Museum is situated in the Khashayar Shah's Harem (Queen's Palace) in Persepolis Palace (Takht Jamshid) - Marvdasht near Shiraz in Fars Province. It was inaugurated in 1938 under the name of Takht-e-Jamshid (Persepolis). In this museum objects from the pre-historic, Achaemenian and Islamic periods are all collected in three different sections and are on exhibit. Once the main building of "Xerxes Harem", Persepolis Museum is one of the country's oldest structures dedicated to house a museum. It was restored to its original state in 1932 and opened as a museum in 1937. It consists of a large central hall and two smaller rooms.
The pieces on display in the Persepolis Museum have been unearthed during various excavations over years. Some of the pieces displayed in the museum include eye-coloured beads, clay tablets, alabaster vessels, spearheads, arrows, parts of ancient statues, fire pots, and azure bricks.
Achaemenid or Bronze Karna is one of the most interesting antiques in the Museum. Karna is a wind instrument which dates back to about 2,500 years ago.
A famous inscription (known as the "harem inscription" or XPf) was found in the Queen's Quarters. It deals with Xerxes' accession to his father's throne and mentions that there were rival candidates:
My father Darius had other sons, but - thus was Ahuramazda's desire - my father Darius made me the largest [mathišta] after himself. When my father Darius went away from the throne, by the grace of Ahuramazda I became king on my father's throne.