Hasht-Bihisht (lit. Persian - Eight Paradises)
This historical edifice was constructed during the reign of Shah Soleiman Safavid. Today, only a minor portion of the grounds remains. However, tile work with interesting designs, which are the remnants of this palace can be noted.
Hasht Behesht Palace is located in the central part of Isfahan in the middle of a very big garden, which has been turned into a park now. The Palace in the middle, used to be the summer residence of the former kings of Iran and is built in the form of Iranian classic architecture. You can enter the premises of the palace free but for going into the palace, there is a nominal fee. Unfortunately, only the ground floor in open to public.
In architecture Hasht-Bihisht Palace refers to a specific type of floorplan common in Persian architecture and Mughal architecture whereby the plan is divided into 8 chambers surrounding a central room. The eight divisions and frequent octagonal forms of such structures represent the eight levels of paradise for Muslims. The paradigm however was not confined solely to Islamic antecedents. The Chinese magic square was employed for numerous purposes including crop rotation and also finds a Muslim expression in the wafq of their mathematicians. Ninefold schemes find particular resonance in the Indian mandalas, the cosmic maps of Hinduism and Buddhism.
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