The archaic bazaar of Qom comprises of two sectors - the old and new ones. The old segment with its valuable surrounding structures lies to the east of Taleqani Avenue, prolonging from the limits of Paminar towards the north. The new sector of bazaar is an extension of this route running northwards. The old bazaar and its surrounding buildings date to the pre-Safavid period, but the architecture, layout, general network and arcades of the new sector are mostly of the Safavid and Qajar periods. The important bazaars are as follows:
The old bazaar section is comprised of an aggregate of the entrance of Razavieh School, Sabuniha Mosque, Chehel Sotune Mosque and porch and the minarets of the remnants of Qiasieh school.
The new bazaar section is comprised of an aggregate of the surrounding alleys and the Haj Asqar Khan Bath. This vicinity is the commercial area of the city. The buildings in the surroundings pertaining to religious venues are active and are being utilized. Some of the sectors of the bazaar date to the Saljuqi and Eilkhani periods. Part of these alleys and schools of the aggregate are endowed.
It is said that the city of Qom existed in the pre-Islamic ages, whereas, some believe that the same belongs to the post Islamic times. Kom was the name of the ancient rampart of the city of Qom, thus, the Arabs called it Qom (or Ghom).
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