Login
Tabriz Bazaar
+17 More Photos
Visit the famous UNESCO listed bazaar to admire its domes or see the many museums and mosques in Tabriz
Tourist Attraction

Tabriz Bazaar

in Tabriz city | East Azarbaijan province
Tourist Attraction

Tabriz Bazaar

Related to Tabriz city (located in East Azarbaijan province)
The Bazaar of Tabriz, a historical market situated in the city center is one of the beautiful and oldest bazaars in the Middle East and the largest covered bazaar in the world. It is one of Iran's UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The bazaar is used for some important religious ceremonies. The most famous one is Day of Ashura during which merchants cease trading for about 10 days and religious ceremonies are held inside the bazaar. Like other bazaars in Middle East, there are several mosques constructed behind the bazaar, the most notable of them being Jome' Mosque.

Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex consists of a series of interconnected, covered, brick structures, buildings, and enclosed spaces for different functions. Tabriz and its Bazaar were already prosperous and famous in the 13th century, when the town, in the province of Eastern Azerbaijan, became the capital city of the Safavid kingdom. The city lost its status as capital in the 16th century, but remained important as a commercial hub until the end of the 18th century, with the expansion of Ottoman power. It is one of the most complete examples of the traditional commercial and cultural system of Iran.

In 2000, the Historical Hermitages Organization of Iran begin a restoration project of the Bazaar, with the full participation of the shop owners. The rehabilitation project won the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 2013.

Tabriz Bazaar is an exceptional prototype of an architectural-urban commercial area, which is reflected in its highly-integrated architectural buildings and spaces. The bazaar is one of the most sustainable socio-economic structures, and its great complexity attests to the richness in trade and cultural interaction of Tabriz.
The bazaar is an exceptional physical, economic, social, political, and religious complex that provides evidence to a civilization that is still flourishing. Over the centuries, Tabriz Bazaar developed into a socio-economic and cultural system in which specialized architectural structures, functions, professions and people from various cultures integrated into a unique living ambiance.

The historic Tabriz Bazaar is an outstanding example of an integrated multi-functional urban complex in which interconnected architectural structures and spaces have been shaped by commercial activities. A large number of specialized buildings and structures are concentrated and interconnected in a relatively compact area to form what is almost a single integrated structure.


Historical description:

Archeological evidence bears witness to human settlement in Tabriz since the Bronze Age.
Tabriz was an important military base in the ninth century CE. The city began to prosper as an economic and business center. It was the capital of the country in the 12th and 13th centuries CE.
The destruction of Baghdad by the Mongols in 1,258 CE increased the importance of Tabriz as a trading hub. Tabriz attained its zenith in economic and social fields between 1316 and 1331 CE. Globetrotters such as Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta described it as one of the richest trading hubs in the world.
The town's prosperity rose thanks to its strategic location during the 14th and 15th centuries CE.

Sahebabad, the first vast official and ceremonial space, was created in Tabriz in 1258 CE ― around which the most important public buildings were built. The Safavid rulers chose Tabriz as the capital in early 16th century CE. The city became a powerful government headquarter, even though the capital was moved first to Qazvin in 1548 and then to Isfahan, which were considered safer in the face of threats by the Ottoman empire.

Tabriz witnessed economic depression in the last quarter of the 17th century. Nonetheless, the city's revenues earned from travelers depicted Tabriz as an important trading spot.
The 18th century brought a period of political instability triggered by Ottoman attempts at expansion. The most destructive earthquake in the intense seismic history of Tabriz totally ruined the town in 1780, at the beginning of Qajar reign. It was, however, rapidly rebuilt.
Another earthquake in 1817, caused a great deal of damage to the mosques and to the town. Tabriz was occupied by the Russians in 1826, but was retaken by the Qajar rulers two years later. Several changes were made in the town during the 19th century. The governmental headquarter moved from Sahebabad ― where public buildings were arranged around a vast square in north of Mehranroud River ― to its present location, south of the river, near Aala Gate. Saheb-ol Amr Square was built in the historical area of Sahebabad, and Tabriz Jame' Mosque was restored.

A flood caused extensive damage to the bazaar in 1871, which was mapped and evaluated by means of a field survey. These records provide information about the condition of the bazaar at that time. Renovation works were conducted for various structures in the following years. For example, Mozaffarieh Timcha (Carpet Bazaar of Tabriz) was completed in 1905.
Tabriz became the center of the Iranian Constitution Movement in 1906: The bazaar was closed and the people demonstrated against the government since the constitution was signed by the king and the first Parliament was established.

During the 20th century, several wide roads were established, leading to certain sections of the bazaar.
 
PHOTO GALLERY
Tabriz Bazaar
The Bazaar of Tabriz
Tabriz Bazaar - The Museum of Occupations
Tabriz Bazar - Iran
Tabriz Bazaar - The Museum of Occupations
Tabriz Bazaar - The Museum of Occupations
Tabriz Bazaar
Tabriz Bazaar
Tabriz Bazaar
Tabriz Bazaar
Tabriz Bazaar
6
More Photos
The capital of East Azerbaijan province, in the Azerbaijan region of Iran. It is a modern industrialized Iranian city with signs of civilization dating back 2,500 years. Tabriz was named by the Organization of Islamic Conference as the « city of the ...
EXPLORE OTHER ATTRACTIONS IN Tabriz
Khaneh Mashrooteh is a museum and one of the historic houses in Tabriz once belonged to one of the constitutional revolution activists and the museum inside is full of documents ... MORE
Category: Catholic Church
Saint Mary Church is one of the oldest and largest churches of Tabriz Dating from the 12th century, St Mary’s is a still-functioning Armenian church that was mentioned by ... MORE
Category: Catholic Church
Saint Sarkis Church was constructed by 'Petrossian' in the Banvan neighborhood of Tabriz in the year 1821 AD. The church, which has Armenian architecture, is made ... MORE
Category: Rivers
Liqvan-Chay river forms its source in the northern slopes of the Sahand Mountains and after gaining water from a number of natural springs, turns into a large river. MORE
Category: Valleys
The village of Liqvan lies to the northeast of Tabriz and the southeast sector of the hilly area of Sahand. Lighwan village lies in a beautiful valley with the Liqvan river ... MORE
Amand Dam located in North West of Tabriz near Amand Village (in Soufian District). Amand Tourism Complex, Simorgh Sport Village, Hotels, Coffe shops, Traditional Restaurants ... MORE
ON THE SAME CATEGORY
Vakil Bazaar (Shiraz)
Category: Bazaars
Vakil Bazaar in Shiraz is the main section of the Shiraz Bazaar which was built in 11th Century by Karim Khan as part of a plan to make Shiraz into a prominent trading center. ... MORE
Category: Bazaars
The Bazaar-e-Bozorg (Grand Bazaar) of Kerman lies between the Arq and Moshtaqiyeh squares of Kerman city. The bazaar comprises of various rows or alleys such as Arg, Ganj ... MORE
Category: Bazaars
This ancient bazaar has an old and new texture present in the southeast corner of the city. The major construction is of brick work. Inspite of diversity of architecture ... MORE
Rasht Bazaar (Rasht)
Category: Bazaars
These bazaars are the most bustling areas of Gilan. They comprise of open and covered stalls, centers for trading merchadise and are usually located in the heart of the city. ... MORE
Ardabil Bazaar (Ardebil)
Category: Bazaars
In the heart of the Ardabil city, this bazaar stands as old as the Islamic period. It's shape was described by the historians of 4th century AH. as a cross, extending ... MORE
Category: Bazaars
This bazaar is located between Imam Khomeini Mosque or the former Shah Mosque and the Jame’ Mosque. It was constructed during the reign of Mohammad Shah Qajar. This bazaar ... MORE
REVIEWS
Loading Content
Your Name [required]:
Your Email [required]:
Subject:
Your Message:
Please enter this code:
SEND
Copyright 1995-2005, Iran Tourism and Touring Organization, 2005-2018 Iran Travel, Tourism and Touring NGO.
All rights reserved. Design & Developement: Sirang Rasaneh Interactive Web Design and Multimedia Studio